The following links are organized by relevant Research Question. They are also labelled as either Canadian (CAN), International (INT), American (US), or British Columbian (BC). The links are labelled into Level 1 or Level 2, where Level 2 links are slightly more complex and give more insight into the topic.
The Library of Links contains:
- Research Links
- Local Activity Links
- Helpful Optional Links
- Stakeholder Links
- Current Events
- Report or Suggest a Link
- Works Cited
These links will inform your Research Questions and Critical Thinking Questions.
Q3.1 INT-US – What functions do genetically engineered foods have? Link 1 L1
Q3.2 INT – Here are the 10 most common GMO/GE foods: Link 2 L1
Q3.3 INT – Indian scientist and environmentalist Vandana Shiva addresses the recent U.S. Supreme Court case between an Indiana farmer against Monsanto, the world's largest seed company: Link 3 (3:56) L1
INT-US – Read more about Monsanto's relationship with family farms: Link 4 L2
Q3.4 INT – Reflect on what these two videos tell us about the science and effects of GMOs: here’s a video on genetic engineering by Greenpeace: Link 5 (3:51) L1 and a video by SciShow: Link 6 (11:25) L1
INT-US – Is the movement to label GMOs anti-science? Link 7 L2
INT – What are the controversies associated with GMOs? Link 8 L1
Q3.5 INT – Explore what benefits GMOs can have on crop production around the world: Link 9 L1
INT-US – Find out what the difference is between genetic engineering and natural breeding methods: Link 10 L2
Local Activity Links
Helpful Optional Links
INT – Read this document from Food and Water Watch that outlines some controversial GMO perceptions: Link 13 L2
INT-US – To take a look at the other side of the argument, check out Monsanto, the world’s leading producer of GM seed: Link 14 L1
INT-US – Here’s a Monsanto TV advertisement: Link 15 (2:59) L1
INT-US – Can we avoid GM foods? If GM foods were labelled then it would be easier. Let’s look deeper into this issue: Link 16 L1
INT – Celebrities standing up for labeling change: Link 17 L2
INT – Here are two different non-GMO shopping guides you can rely on to identify whether GMOs are labelled or not: Link 18 L1 and Link 19 L1 (check out page 15 for a list of invisible GMO ingredients – these may help you choose a GMO food for your project)
INT – This article provides an example of how local farmers in India are getting high yields without using GMO seeds: Link 20 L2
CAN/US – Are people protesting against GMOs? Link 21 L1
INT – Some are also poking fun at the GMO industry, here is an example song: Link 22 (1:46) L1
INT-US – Documentary “The Future of Food” offers an in-depth investigation of the existence and current management of GMOs. Here is the introduction to the movie (if you're interested, we suggest you watch the whole thing): Link 23 (9:49) L2
INT – The challenge in maintaining the ways of traditional indigenous livelihoods: Indigenous Women Address Food Sovereignty: Stakeholder 1 L2
INT - 2017 - Center for Food Safety- As more of our food contain genetically engineered food products, it is important to understand the six potential human health concerns genetically engineered foods have on our health: Event 1
INT-US – 2016 February 22nd - Mother Nature Network “Anti-GMO labeling act makes its way to Senate” The DARK act is aimed at making it illegal for states to require GMO labeling, but it has been met with opposition from organizations and companies such as “Just Label It” and Campbells: Event 2
INT-US – 2016 May 18th - ConsumerReports.org "Labels on Genetically Engineered Food Coming Soon: Vermont labeling law prompts change in the food industry" Consumer Reports discusses a new Vermont GMO labeling law and its impacts on labelling across the USA, looking at opinions in favour of and against labeling laws for GMOs: Event 3
CAN – 2015 May 23rd - CTV News “Anti-GMO Protesters Rally against Monsanto” The March against Monsanto was a national event encouraging individuals, communities and organizations to speak out against the manufacturing of GMO seeds for sale in Canada: Event 4
CAN – 2015 May 19th - CBC News “GMO debate shows big opinion gap between scientists, public over safety” One of the main questions about GMOs is whether they are considered “safe” for human consumption, this article explores this debate: Event 5
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Be The Change Earth Alliance has archived all Research, Local Activity, and Stakeholder links to ensure students will always have access to the required articles to complete their Action Pack. These links were retrieved as of February 25th, 2019. These links may not reflect the current state of the website. If you see your website on our citations list and would like us to take it down, please contact us immediately at firstname.lastname@example.org.
(August 1, 2012). “Old Man Santo Had a Farm” Youtube. January 30, 2019. Web. Retrieved from https://archive.org/details/Youtube.comwatchviAeBpoKfnPUfeatureplayer_embedded.
Bartolotto Carole. (August 14, 2013). “Is the Movement to Label GMOs Anti-Science?” HUFFPOST. January 17, 2019. Web. Retrieved from https://web.archive.org/web/20180909001007/https://www.huffingtonpost.com/carole-bartolotto/is-the-movement-to-label-_b_3432355.html.
Bhatia DR. Tasneem. (February 16, 2009). “10 Most Common GMO Foods To Avoid” Food Matters. January 17, 2019. Web. Retrieved from https://web.archive.org/web/20180222082320/http://www.foodmatters.com:80/article/10-most-common-gmo-foods.
Cherofsky Jessie. (December 2013). “MAINTAINING THE WAYS OF OUR ANCESTORS: INDIGENOUS WOMEN ADDRESS FOOD SOVEREIGNTY” Cultural Survival. January 17, 2019. Web. Retrieved from https://web.archive.org/web/20180917230125/https://www.culturalsurvival.org/publications/cultural-survival-quarterly/maintaining-ways-our-ancestors-indigenous-women-address.
“Greenwashing Genetically Engineered Crops”. January 17, 2019. Web. Retrieved from https://web.archive.org/web/20190102210654/https://www.foodandwaterwatch.org/insight/greenwashing-genetically-engineered-crops.
“GE FOOD & YOUR HEALTH”. Centre for Food Safety. January 17, 2019. Web. Retrieved from https://web.archive.org/web/20180312205608/http://www.centerforfoodsafety.org/issues/311/ge-foods/ge-food-and-your-health.
“Genetically Engineered Food” GreenPeace. February 12, 2019. Web. Retrieved from https://web.archive.org/web/20190105130708/http://gmoguide.greenpeace.ca/shoppers_guide.pdf.
“Invisible GM Ingredients”. GMOS. January 17, 2019. Web. Retrieved from https://web.archive.org/web/20181118040428/https://nongmoshoppingguide.com/invisible-gm-ingredients/.
(January 7, 2019). “Genetically Engineered Foods” MedlinePlus. January 17, 2019. Web. Retrieved from https://web.archive.org/web/20180728041703/https://medlineplus.gov/ency/article/002432.htm.
Johnson Nathanael. (July 16, 2013). “Genetic engineering vs. natural breeding: What's the difference?”. Grist. January 17, 2019. Web. Retrieved from https://web.archive.org/web/20180906182912/https://grist.org/food/genetic-engineering-vs-natural-breeding-whats-the-difference/.
(July 10, 2015). “Why are GMOs Bad?” Youtube. January 30, 2019. Web. Retrieved from https://archive.org/details/Youtube.comwatchvsH4bi60alZU.
Kucinich Elizabeth. (April 2, 2014). “The Enemy of Family Farmers”. Huffpost. January 17, 2019. Web. Retrieved from https://web.archive.org/web/20181004220100/https://www.huffpost.com/entry/the-enemy-of-family-farmers_b_4064134.
Laskawy Tom. (Feb 22, 2013). “Miracle grow: Indian farmers smash crop yield records without GMOs” Grist. January 17, 2019. Web. Retrieved from https://web.archive.org/web/20181011042709/https://grist.org/food/miracle-grow-indian-farmers-smash-crop-yield-records-without-gmos/.
(March 8, 2013). “This Case Is About Every Farmer, Person and Seed in the World” Youtube. January 30, 2019. Web. Retrieved from https://archive.org/details/Youtube.comwatchvwdPBLQifcz8nohtml5False.
(May 26, 2013). ” Protesters march against GMO giant Monsanto in 430 cities” CBC News. January 17, 2019. Web. Retrieved from https://web.archive.org/web/20160723010455/https://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/montreal/protesters-march-against-gmo-giant-monsanto-in-430-cities-1.1341526.
(May 18, 2016). “Labels on Genetically Engineered Food Coming Soon” Consumer Reports. January 17, 2019. Web. Retrieved from https://web.archive.org/web/20170705183612/http://www.consumerreports.org:80/gmos/labels-on-genetically-engineered-food-coming-soon/.
(May 23, 2015). “Anti-GMO Protesters rally against Monsanto” CTV News. January 17, 2019. Web. Retrieved from https://web.archive.org/web/20170717082458/https://www.ctvnews.ca/canada/anti-gmo-protesters-rally-against-monsanto-1.2388102.
“Non-GMO Shopping Guide” GMOS. January 17, 2019. Web. Retrieved from https://web.archive.org/web/20190115121806/https://nongmoshoppingguide.com/.
(November 12, 2007). “The Future of Food - Introduction” Youtube. January 30, 2019. Web. Retrieved from https://archive.org/details/Youtube.comwatchvjNezTsrCY0Q.
(October 7, 2015). “Global Discover Monsanto TV Ads” Youtube. January 30, 2019. Web. Retrieved from https://archive.org/details/GlobalDiscoverMonsantoTVAds.
“Possible benefits of GM Crops in Developing Countries” Nuffield council on bioethics. January 17, 2019. Web. Retrieved from https://web.archive.org/web/20190110095214/http://nuffieldbioethics.org/report/gm-crops-developing-countries-2/benefits-gm-crops-developing-countries.
Sarich Christina. (November 19, 2014). “Celebrities Ditch Starbucks After Company Openly Supports Monsanto” Natural Society. January 17, 2019. Web. Retrieved from https://web.archive.org/web/20180201100616/http://naturalsociety.com/rocker-neil-young-ditches-starbucks-company-joins-monsanto-reverse-vermonts-gmo-labeling-law/.
(September 11, 2009). “Genetic Engineering: The world's greatest scam” Youtube. January 30, 2019. Web. Retrieved from https://archive.org/details/Youtube.comwatchv1H9WZGKQeYg.
Shreeves Robinn. (February 22, 2016). “Anti-GMO labeling act makes its way to senate” mnn. January 17, 2019. Web. Retrieved from https://web.archive.org/web/20160901190738/https://www.mnn.com/food/healthy-eating/blogs/anti-gmo-labeling-act-makes-way-Senate.
“Sustainable Agriculture” Monsanto. January 17, 2019. Web. Retrieved from https://web.archive.org/web/20180813140237/http://www.monsanto.ca/ourcommitments/Pages/SustainableAgriculture.aspx.
“The 8 Most Common Genetically Modified Foods: Are You Still Eating Them?”. Naturally Savvy. January 17, 2019. Web. Retrieved from https://web.archive.org/web/20180620223913/http://naturallysavvy.com:80/live/are-you-eating-the-8-most-common-genetically-modified-foods.
Vaesa Janelle. (January 5, 2013). “Genetically Modified Organisms: Pros and Cons of GMO Food” Decoded Science. January 17, 2019. Web. Retrieved from https://web.archive.org/web/20170703024019/https://www.decodedscience.org/gmo-food-pro-and-con/23179.
“What Are We Eating?” GMO Free California. January 17, 2019. Web. Retrieved from https://web.archive.org/web/20180702013426/http://www.gmofreeca.org/the_science_genetically_modified_foods_gmo.