Glossary

Below are some key terms you will need to understand as you explore the inquiry of this Action Pack. They will appear in bold italic in your Action Pack. The simple definitions below are provided for ease of reference.

Cash Crop

A crop produced for its economic value, not for use by the grower

CSA

Community supported agriculture: a network of people who support a farm and in turn receive a share of the food produced.

Economic Impacts

Any change to the wealth and resources of a country or region, community or person. Often referred to in terms of the production and consumption of goods and services.

Ecosystem

A community of plants, animals and other organisms and all the interacting parts of their environment (air, water, soil, etc) that live, feed, reproduce and work together as a system.

Environmental Impacts

Any change to the living and non-living natural surroundings or conditions in which a person, animal or plant lives and interacts together. These impacts can be negative or beneficial, and can be created by an industry, project or Individual.

Fair Trade

A concept of fairness in the marketplace, where producers earn fair prices for their goods

Family

For the purposes of this Action Pack, family will be considered the group of people that you are living with.

Government

A system or organization that exercises authority and performs functions for the people of a designated country, province or local community.

Local Food

Food produced near where it is sold. Exact distance varies, but in Canada it used to mean within 50 km, now within the same province.

Monoculture

The practice of growing a single crop over a large area, typically year after year

Natural Resources

Materials provided by the Earth, such as minerals, forests, water, and fertile land that can be used for life to continue and by humans for economic gain.

Social Impacts

The effect of an activity on the social well being of the people in a community (such as wealth, health, education level, employment rate, and community values)

Sustainability

Meeting the environmental, social, and economic needs of the present without affecting the ability of future generations to meet their needs.

Urban Agriculture

Growing food within the city, typically to sell locally