The following links are organized by relevant Research Question. They are also labelled as either Canadian (CAN), International (INT), American (US), or British Columbian (BC). The links are labelled into Level 1 or Level 2, where Level 2 links are slightly more complex and give more insight into the topic.
The Library of Links contains:
- Research Links
- Local Activity Links
- Helpful Optional Links
- Stakeholder Links
- Current Events
- Report or Suggest a Link
- Works Cited
These links will inform your Research Questions and Critical Thinking Questions.
Q3.1 INT – This is a very simplified explanation of how fossil fuels are extracted: Link 1 L1
INT-US – This is a more in depth description of these fossil fuels and also what we use the fossil fuels for: Link 2 L2
Q3.2 CAN – First off, what types of energy do we use to heat our house? Statistics Canada outlines where our energy for heating and cooling comes from and our usage. “Electricity” comes from various sources, such as hydro dams, oil, wind, etc.: Link 3 L1
CAN – Use this link to explore the pros and cons of each form of energy; see the bar on the side to select the type of energy you wish to look at: Link 4 L1
CAN – This site gives you a comprehensive look at natural gas: Link 5 L2
Q3.3 US – Learn the basics about “hydraulic fracturing” or fracking at: Link 6 L2
INT – Hear multiple sides of the dangers and opportunities with fracking: Link 7 L2
CAN-BC – The Wilderness Committee explains why fracking needs to stop to protect the environment and communities in Canada: Link 8 L1
CAN – Find out why communities all over Canada are concerned about fracking: Link 9 L2
CAN – Fracking’s effects on water hasn’t been properly monitored in Canada: Link 10 L1
CAN-BC – Even though Canada has different regulations about hydraulic fracturing than the USA: Link 11 L2
CAN-AB – There has been an increasingly strong correlation between fracking and earthquake activity, raising concerns among the public. This CBC report on Fox Creek, Alberta reveals that even populations relying on the fracking industry are worried (first 4min30s): Link 12 L2
Q3.4 CAN-BC – Provided by the Government of British Columbia, the following link lists proposed LNG projects in B.C.: Link 13 L1
CAN-BC – From Fortis BC, here’s a look at B.Cs Liquefied Natural Gas sector and the two LNG facilities operating in the province. Look under “Our facilities” and click each one to find out more: Link 14a (Website) Link 14b (Video 3:31) L1
CAN – Find out how a programmable thermostat can be one of the best ways to save energy and money: Link 17 L1
INT – Here are some easy tips that will make your home more energy efficient:
Link 18 (2:26) L1
Local Activity Links
These links will be needed to complete your Local Activity
Helpful Optional Links
CAN-BC – Did you know...? source: Link 21 L1
CAN – Find out if fracking is happening or proposed near you: Link 22 L1
CAN – Fracking linked to birth defects? Link 23 L2
INT-US – How is fracking affecting people and the environment? Well, someone made a movie about it: Link 24 (2:47) L2 and in a simpler way let’s walk through the process of “fracking” and some of its impacts: Link 25 L1
INT-US – We rely on oil for many things, and should use it sparingly. Here is an example of some American fossil fuel stats: Link 26 (1:45) L1
INT-US – Check out this extensive Fracking Guide that includes industry process, economic benefits, regulatory bodies and environmental concerns: Link 29 L2
INT-US – Easy ways to save energy at home: Link 30 L2
INT – This video illustrates the serious water crisis in India, in particular the heavy contamination of their rivers and water shortages throughout the country: Link 31 (4:37) L1
INT – Our use of non-renewable energy sources is actually going up: Link 32 L1
INT – Let’s take a look at what we mean by “burning fossil fuels” and understand some of the implications of that form of energy: Link 33 L1
CAN – Now take a quick look at Canada’s bitumen (crude oil) extraction, use and environmental impacts: Link 34 (2:27) L2
CAN – Watch videos from community members with a variety of backgrounds speaking on fracking: Link 35 L1
CAN-BC – Here's a look at how the Fort Nelson First Nation is taking a stand against fracking: Stakeholder 1 L1
INT- 2017 April 20th- PCWorld- A new Apple data center will use the excess heat from its facility to heat households: Event 1
BC – 2015 July 21st - The Tyee “Fracking Industry has changed earthquake pattern in Northeast BC” New research by both federal and provincial scientists shows that the shale gas industry has caused more that 1000 earthquakes in Northeast BC since 2006 and changes the regions seismicity: Event 2
INT – 2015 June 4th - Financial Post “Canada LNG prospects have ‘darkened’, says International Energy Agency” BC has been planning large capital investment projects for LNG plants in the province, however international agencies say that there may not be as much demand as projected and the projects could never get off the ground: Event 3
INT – 2015 June 2nd - The Network World “Data furnaces heat homes with dispersed cloud servers. The first E-Radiators are getting installed now” We need servers to store digital information and we need to heat our homes, a Dutch company is developing an E-Radiator that could do both! Event 4
INT – 2015 May 19th - Marlborough Express “Sun shines on solar powered home water heating” Solar powered hot water heating could help homeowners save money on monthly bills: Event 5
Report or Suggest a Link
Found a broken link? Report it!
Have a suggestion for a Link to add to any section? Suggest it!
Be The Change Earth Alliance has archived all Research, Local Activity, and Stakeholder links to ensure students will always have access to the required articles to complete their Action Pack. These links were retrieved as of February 25th, 2019. These links may not reflect the current state of the website. If you see your website on our citations list and would like us to take it down, please contact us immediately at firstname.lastname@example.org
A Benusic, Michael. (June 2013). “Fracking in BC: A public health concern” BC Medical Journal. February 12, 2019. Web. Retrieved from https://web.archive.org/web/20180528075434/http://www.bcmj.org:80/council-health-promotion/fracking-bc-public-health-concern.
(April 21, 2015). “Fracking Raising Concerns in Alberta” Youtube. April 4, 2019. Web. Retrieved from https://archive.org/details/FrackingRaisingConcernsInAlberta1.
(April 12, 2018). “Energy Source Comparison” Energy4me. https://web.archive.org/web/20180412015345/http://energy4me.org/all-about-energy/what-is-energy/energy-sources/.
(April 24, 2012). “How to Conserve Energy at Home” youtube. February 21, 2019. Web. Retrieved from https://archive.org/details/Videoplayback1_20190221_2054.
(August 12, 2013). “No-cost and low-cost energy efficient cooling tips for the workplace” BC Hydro. January 31, 2019. Web. Retrieved from https://web.archive.org/web/20131121045729/https://www.bchydro.com/news/conservation/2013/workplace-cooling-tips.html.
Clark, Duncan. (April 17, 2013). “Why can't we quit fossil fuels?” The Guardian. January 31, 2019. Web. Retrieved from https://web.archive.org/web/20181209081805/https://www.theguardian.com/environment/2013/apr/17/why-cant-we-give-up-fossil-fuels.
(December 6, 2011). “Seven tips to keep warm, save money this winter” BC Hydro. January 31, 2019. Web. Retrieved from https://web.archive.org/web/20150919133526/https://www.bchydro.com/news/unplug_this_blog/2011/7_winter_tips.html.
Doman, Erin. (June 8, 2016). “8 Benefits of Programmable Thermostats” Compact Appliance. January 31, 2019. Web. Retrieved from https://web.archive.org/web/20181226153556/https://learn.compactappliance.com/programmable-thermostats/.
“Fracking & LNG” Wilderness Committee. January 31, 2019. Web. Retrieved from https://web.archive.org/web/20170906043647/https://www.wildernesscommittee.org/fracking.
Farris, Andrew. (May 2012). “Natural Gas” EnergyBC. January 31, 2019. Web. Retrieved from https://web.archive.org/web/20180812150458/http://www.energybc.ca/naturalgas.html.
“Fracking explained: opportunity or danger” youtube. February 19, 2019. Web. Retrieved from https://archive.org/details/FrackingExplainedOpportunityOrDanger.
“Fracking” Green Peace. January 31, 2019. Web. Retrieved from https://web.archive.org/web/20190121074026/https://www.greenpeace.org/usa/global-warming/issues/fracking/.
“Fossil Fuels” EESI. January 31, 2019. Web. Retrieved from https://web.archive.org/web/20180913074540/https://www.eesi.org/topics/fossil-fuels/description.
“Fossil Fuel Energy” Kidzworld. January 31, 2019. Web. Retrieved from https://web.archive.org/web/20180502135925/http://www.kidzworld.com/article/1423-fossil-fuel-energy.
Goldenberg, Suzanne. (February 27, 2011). “What the frack? Us natural gas drilling method contaminates water” The Guardian. January 31, 2019. Web. Retrieved from https://web.archive.org/web/20180912020356/https://www.theguardian.com/environment/blog/2011/feb/27/frack-natural-gas-drilling-water.
Hussain, Yadullah. (June 4, 2015). “Canadian LNG prospects have 'darkened,' says International Energy Agency” Financial Post. February 5, 2019. Web. Retrieved from https://web.archive.org/web/20190205162240/https://business.financialpost.com/commodities/energy/canadian-lng-prospects-have-darkened-says-international-energy-agency.
“Hydraulic Fracturing 101” Earthworks. January 31, 2019. Web. Retrieved from https://web.archive.org/web/20180327041841/https://earthworks.org/issues/hydraulic_fracturing_101/.
(January 31, 2014). “Why communities across Canada are calling on a freeze on fracking” The council of Canadians. January 31, 2019. Web. Retrieved from https://web.archive.org/web/20181110081904/https://canadians.org/blog/why-communities-across-canada-are-calling-freeze-fracking.
(June 26, 2011). “How to keep your home cool in the summer heat” BC Hydro. February 5, 2019. Web. Retrieved from https://web.archive.org/web/20190205162918/https://www.bchydro.com/news/conservation/2011/summer_cooling_tips.html.
(May 15, 2018). “Canadian, World, Politics and Business news & Analysis” The Globe and Mail. February 1, 2019. Web. Retrieved from https://web.archive.org/web/20170228200711/https://www.theglobeandmail.com/news/british-columbia/one-bc-first-nations-fight-against-fracking/article26349593/.
(May 15, 2013). “Reality Check: Canada's Oil Sands” youtube. February 19, 2019. Web. Retrieved from https://archive.org/details/RealityCheckCanadasOilSands.
(May 10, 2010). “India Water Crisis - Environmental Action Project” Youtube. February 19, 2019. Web. Retrieved from https://archive.org/details/Videoplayback7_20190219.
(May 5, 2010). “GASLAND Trailer 2010” youtube. February 19, 2019. Web. Retrieved from https://archive.org/details/GASLANDTrailer2010.
Minkow, David. (April 6, 2017). “What You Need to Know About Fracking in Canada” Narwhal. January 31, 2019. Web. Retrieved from https://web.archive.org/web/20181230083113/https://thenarwhal.ca/what-is-fracking-in-canada/.
Nelson, Patrick. (June 2, 2015). “Home heating provided by cloud servers is now a reality” Network World. February 1, 2019. Web. Retrieved from https://web.archive.org/web/20180519085312/https://www.networkworld.com/article/2929810/data-center/home-heating-provided-by-cloud-servers-is-now-a-reality.html.
Nikiforuk, Andrew. (July 21, 2015). “Fracking Industry Has Changed Earthquake Patterns in Northeast BC” The Tyee. February 1, 2019. Web. Retrieved from https://web.archive.org/web/20181219134958/https://thetyee.ca/News/2015/07/21/Fracking-Industry-Changed-Earthquake-Patterns/.
Nikiforuk, Andrew. (February 4, 2014). “Birth Defects Linked to Natural Gas Mining” The Tyee. January 31, 2019. Web. Retrieved from https://web.archive.org/web/20170128230658/https://thetyee.ca/News/2014/02/04/Natural-Gas-Mining-Birth-Defects/.
(November 3, 2014). “Power Smart tips to keep you warm this winter” BC Hydro. January 31, 2019. Web. Retrieved from https://web.archive.org/web/20150919114052/https://www.bchydro.com/news/unplug_this_blog/2014/keep-warm-this-winter.html.
(November 27, 2015). “Analysis” Government of Canada. January 31, 2019. Web. Retrieved from https://web.archive.org/web/20190110001755/https://www150.statcan.gc.ca/n1/pub/11-526-s/2013002/part-partie1-eng.htm.
Palmer, Brian. (December, 31, 2015). “Keep Your Devices from Wasting Energy and Money” NRDC. https://web.archive.org/web/20190129212507/https://www.nrdc.org/stories/keep-your-devices-wasting-energy-and-money.
Pless, Jacquelyn. (June 2012). “Natural Gas Development and Hydraulic Fracturing: A Policymaker's Guide” National Conference of State Legislatures. April 4, 2019. Web. Retrieved from https://web.archive.org/web/20181122124846/http://www.ncsl.org/documents/energy/frackingguide_060512.pdf.
“Proposed Natural Gas Pipelines” Government of Canada. January 31, 2019. Web. Retrieved from https://web.archive.org/web/20190109071724/https://www2.gov.bc.ca/gov/content/industry/natural-gas-oil/lng/proposed-natural-gas-pipelines.
Shah, Agam. (April 20, 2017). “Apple will return heat generated by data center to warm up homes” PCWorld. February 1, 2019. Web. Retrieved from https://web.archive.org/web/20170827222151/http://www.pcworld.com/article/3191487/data-center/apple-will-return-heat-generated-by-data-center-to-warm-up-homes.html.
Shepherd, Roy. (2002). “What are Fossil Fuels?” Discovering Fossils. January 31, 2019. Web. Retrieved from https://web.archive.org/web/20180619074317/http://www.discoveringfossils.co.uk/fossilfuels.htm.
(2019). “Liquefied natural gas (LNG)” Fortis BC. February 12, 2019. Web. Retrieved from https://web.archive.org/web/20190213000150/https://www.fortisbc.com/about-us/facilities-operations-and-energy-information/liquefied-natural-gas.
“21 tips: no-cost ways to save electricity” BC Hydro. January 31, 2019. Web. Retrieved from https://web.archive.org/web/20181130144455/https://www.bchydro.com/powersmart/residential/savings-and-rebates/everyday-electricity-saving-tips.html.