The following links are organized by relevant Research Question. They are also labelled as either Canadian (CAN), International (INT), American (US), or British Columbian (BC). The links are labelled into Level 1 or Level 2, where Level 2 links are slightly more complex and give more insight into the topic.
The Library of Links contains:
- Research Links
- Local Activity Links
- Helpful Optional Links
- Stakeholder Links
- Current Events
- Report or Suggest a Link
- Works Cited
These links will inform your Research Questions and Critical Thinking Questions.
Q3.1 INT-CAN – So what is considered to be sustainable seafood? Link 1 L1
CAN – What are some of the challenges marine life is facing? Link 2 L1
INT – Our oceans and what live in them are vitally important to us! Link 3 L1
Q3.2 INT – There are many different ways to catch fish and some are more sustainable than others: Link 4 L1
CAN – Which methods are more sustainable than others? Link 5 L1
Q3.3 CAN-BC – What is aquaculture? What methods are used and what are their environmental impacts? Link 6 L1
CAN-BC – Here is one organization's stance on the sustainability of closed vs. open containment aquaculture practices: Link 7 L2
CAN-BC – Let’s take a look at open-net aquaculture in BC; from an independent scientist and biologist’s perspective: Link 8 (3:25) L1
CAN – Aquaculture in Canada is a huge industry. It has provided numerous jobs and nation-wide economic generation: Link 9 L1
Q3.5 CAN – Find out more about how mercury interacts with our natural environment and how it impacts us (if you are unfamiliar with what mercury does to people click on the health concerns button on the left): Link 12 L2
CAN – INT - Read a scientist's description of bioaccumulation and an example of how it affects the fish we eat. Link 13 L1
INT – This site simplifies the process a little: Link 14 L1
Local Activity Links
These links will be needed to complete your Local Activity.
Helpful Optional Links
INT – Did you know…? source: Link 17 L1
CAN – Salmon Confidential is a great movie resource looking at the challenges with BC fish farming: Link 18 (1:09:14) L2
INT-US – Do you think you have harmful quantities of mercury in you? Find out here along with other health implications of mercury: Link 19 L1
INT – The Salmon fishing industry has change. This video gives insight into lifestyle and recent shifts: Link 20 (5:42) L1
INT-US – Can the oceans keep up to our seafood consumption? Link 21(20:47) L1
CAN – David Suzuki gets excited about the inter-connectedness with our oceans and marine fish and animals: Link 22 (5:31) L2
CAN-BC – Let’s take a look at aquaculture in BC, from the fish farmers perspective: Link 23 (5:58) L1
CAN-BC – Let’s look even deeper into fish farm challenges with Alex Morton: Link 24 (5:13) L1
CAN – This great video shows the impacts of bottom trawling: Link 27(4:53) L2
INT – Look up seafood choices that have less impact on the environment: Link 28 L1
CAN-BC – The majority of First Nations in BC have made it clear they don’t want fish farms in their traditional territories. Here's why: Stakeholder 1 L1
CAN-BC – Since Time Immemorial fishing for food, social and ceremonial purposes has been a way of life for many Indigenous communities. Here's a look at some of the issues on fishing and fishing rights for Indigenous vs. non-Indigenous groups. See Introduction: Stakeholder 2 L2
CAN – 2018 July 9th - The Guardian "One in three fish caught never makes it to the plate- UN report”. Event 1
CAN – 2017 Nov 1st - Futurity "Predicting human survival on Earth requires oceans”. The oceans are an integral part of life on Earth: Event 2
CAN - 2017 May 2nd - Vancouver Aquarium Blog - Nearly 6.4 million tons of marine debris is released into the ocean each year, approximately 10 per cent of which is from ghost fishing gear. The Ocean Wise program ensures that the seafood was harvested in a way that has minimal impacts on fisheries. Event 3
CAN – 2015 September 15 - CBC News "Nova Scotia salmon farmed on land brought to market" Sustainable Blue, a Nova Scotia Fish Farm producer is successfully bringing closed-containment, responsibly reared fish to market: Event 4
INT – 2015 December 14 - CBC News “Slavery in shrimp industry uncovered in major retailers and supermarkets” An Associated Press investigation reveals adults and children sold to shrimp peeling factories in Thailand: Event 5
BC – 2015 July 10th - The Tyee “Fisherman Offered $20,000 Compensation for Proposed Salmon Farms” A major producer of farmed salmon has offered BC fisherman $20,000 to expand operations into some of the best shrimping territory on the coast of Vancouver Island: Event 6
CAN – 2015 June 2nd - The Georgia Straight “David Suzuki: On World Oceans Day, let’s learn to treat the seas better” David Suzuki encourages Canadians to celebrate World Oceans Day by learning about the incredible diversity in our seas and how we can protect it: Event 7
INT – 2015 June 1st - Greener Package “A quarter-million tons of plastic pollution found in oceans” The 5 Gyres Institute compiles six years and 500,000 nautical miles worth of information to provide a global estimate of plastic pollution in the world’s oceans: Event 8
INT-US – 2015 May 29th - Aljazeera “World’s first ocean system targeting plastic pollution to launch in 2016” Dutch company Ocean Clean-up plans to launch a large floating barrier that will target and collect plastic trash from the ocean: Event 9
Report or Suggest a Link
Found a broken link? Report it!
Have a suggestion for a Link to add to any section? Suggest it!
Be The Change Earth Alliance has archived all Research, Local Activity, and Stakeholder links to ensure students will always have access to the required articles to complete their Action Pack. These links were retrieved as of February 25th, 2019. These links may not reflect the current state of the website. If you see your website on our citations list and would like us to take it down, please contact us immediately at firstname.lastname@example.org
“Aboriginal Fisheries in British Columbia” UBC. February 1, 2019. Web. Retrieved from https://web.archive.org/web/20180508012903/https://indigenousfoundations.arts.ubc.ca/aboriginal_fisheries_in_british_columbia/.
“Addressing the Ecological Impacts of Canadian Fishing Gear” How We Fish. April 4, 2019. Web. Retrieved from https://web.archive.org/web/20180813035809/http://www.howwefish.ca/images/downloads/How_We_Fish_Report.pdf.
(August 10, 2006). “Bottom trawling” youtube. February 19, 2019. Web. Retrieved from https://archive.org/details/Videoplayback3_20190219_1950.
“AQUACULTURE METHODS” SeaChoice. February 1, 2019. Web. Retrieved from https://web.archive.org/web/20180409025332/http://www.seachoice.org/info-centre/aquaculture/aquaculture-methods/.
“Aquaculture statistics” Government of Canada. February 1, 2019. Web. Retrieved from https://web.archive.org/web/20180624223032/http://www.dfo-mpo.gc.ca/aquaculture/sector-secteur/stats-eng.htm.
Blakely, Kevin. (May 9, 2011). “Can the Ocean keep up with the hunt?” youtube. February 19, 2019. Web. Retrieved from https://archive.org/details/Videoplayback1_20190219_1924.
Carrington, Damian. (July 9, 2018). “One in three fish caught never makes it to the plate - UN report” The Guardian. February 5, 2019. Web. Retrieved from https://web.archive.org/web/20190205161232/https://www.theguardian.com/environment/2018/jul/09/one-in-three-fish-caught-never-makes-it-to-the-plate-un-report?CMP=Share_iOSApp_Other.
(December 22, 2007). “Impacts of Salmon Farming in BC” youtube. February 19, 2019. Web. Retrieved from https://archive.org/details/videoplayback_20190219_1857.
(February 17, 2010). “Farmed Salmon: Unhealthy and Unsustainable” youtube. February 19, 2019. Web. Retrieved from https://archive.org/details/FarmedSalmonUnhealthyAndUnsustainable.
“Fishing & Farming Methods” Seafood Watch. February 1, 2019. Web. Retrieved from https://web.archive.org/web/20181005182926/https://www.seafoodwatch.org/ocean-issues/fishing-and-farming-methods.
Goudarzi, Sara. (November 2, 2006). “Study: Marine Species Collapse by 2048” Live Science. February 1, 2019. Web. Retrieved from https://web.archive.org/web/20170706181553/https://www.livescience.com/4288-study-marine-species-collapse-2048.html.
“Helping people make better seafood choices for a healthy ocean” The Monterey Bay Aquarium Seafood Watch. February 1, 2019. Web. Retrieved from https://web.archive.org/web/20190126175100/https://www.seafoodwatch.org/.
(January 14, 2010). “Salmon Farming in BC” youtube. February 19, 2019. Web. Retrieved from https://archive.org/details/Videoplayback2_20190219_1939.
(January 31, 2013). “Infographic: Our Living Oceans” The World Bank. https://web.archive.org/web/20180310214241/http://www.worldbank.org/en/news/feature/2012/05/30/infographic-our-living-oceans.
Beath, John. (May 8, 2013). “Salmon Confidential, Documentary About Salmon Farms in Canada & Diseased Salmon” youtube. February 19, 2019. Web. Retrieved from https://archive.org/details/SalmonConfidentialDocumentaryAboutSalmonFarmsInCanada.
“Labelling and Traceability” SeaChoice. February 1, 2019. Web. Retrieved from https://web.archive.org/web/20190107171804/http://www.seachoice.org/our-work/labelling-and-traceability/.
Lewis, Renee. (May 29, 2015). “World's first ocean system targeting plastic pollution to launch in 2016” Aljazeera America. February 1, 2019. Web. Retrieved from https://web.archive.org/web/20180812190815/http://america.aljazeera.com/articles/2015/5/29/first-ocean-cleanup-system-to-be-deployed.html.
Luck, Shaina. (September 15, 2015). “Nova Scotia salmon farmed on land brought to market” CBC News. February 1, 2019. Web. Retrieved from https://web.archive.org/web/20171209121322/https://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/nova-scotia/nova-scotia-salmon-farmed-on-land-brought-to-market-1.3227754.
“Mercury in the food chain” Government of Canada. February 1, 2019. Web. Retrieved from https://web.archive.org/web/20190123061702/https://www.canada.ca/en/environment-climate-change/services/pollutants/mercury-environment/health-concerns/food-chain.html.
“Mercury” Green Facts. February 1, 2019. Web. Retrieved from https://web.archive.org/web/20180115205932/https://www.greenfacts.org/en/mercury/l-2/mercury-2.htm.
(March 4, 2013). “Commercial Salmon Fishing” youtube. February 19, 2019. Web. Retrieved from https://archive.org/details/CommercialSalmonFishingPrinceRupertBC.
(May 8, 2013). “David Suzuki on Sustainable Seafood” youtube. February 19, 2019. Web. Retrieved from https://archive.org/details/DavidSuzukiOnSustainableSeafood.
(May 2, 2017). “Ghost Fishing Gear is Killing Marine Life” Ocean Wise. February 1, 2019. Web. Retrieved from https://web.archive.org/web/20180126231219/https://www.aquablog.ca/2017/05/ghost-fishing-gear-is-killing-marine-life/.
Marie Mohan, Annie. “A quarter - million tons of plastic pollution found in oceans” Greener Package. February 1, 2019. Web. Retrieved from https://web.archive.org/web/20160205211929/https://www.greenerpackage.com//waste_reduction/quarter-million_tons_plastic_pollution_found_oceans.
(November 20, 2012). “How to Stop Killer Cravings for Shark Fin Soup: Neil Hammerschlag TED*MIA 2012 Farming the Future” youtube. February 19, 2019. Web. Retrieved from https://archive.org/details/HowToStopKillerCravingsForSharkFinSoupNeilHammerschlagAtTEDxMIA2012FramingTheFuture.
(October 10, 2014). “This Is a Sustainable Fish” youtube. February 21, 2019. Web. Retrieved from https://archive.org/details/ThisIsASustainableFish.
Pollon, Christopher. (July 10, 2015). “Fishermen Offered $20,000 Compensation for Proposed Salmon Farms” The Tyee. February 5, 2019. Web. Retrieved from https://web.archive.org/web/20190205160951/https://thetyee.ca/News/2015/07/10/Compensation-From-Fish-Farms/?utm_source=fb-page-editor-post&utm_medium=fb-page&utm_campaign=fb-07-2015.
Sarokin, David. (August 8, 2108). “Examples of Bioaccumulation with Mercury” Sciencing. February 1, 2019. Web. Retrieved from https://web.archive.org/web/20170709205450/https://sciencing.com/examples-bioaccumulation-mercury-4581.html.
“Seafood A – Z” Seafood Watch. February 1, 2019. Web. Retrieved from https://web.archive.org/web/20180703182733/https://www.seafoodwatch.org/seafood-recommendations/seafood-a-z.
“Seafood Safety After an Oil Spill” NOAA. February 1, 2019. Web. Retrieved from https://web.archive.org/web/20170801171736/http://response.restoration.noaa.gov/oil-and-chemical-spills/oil-spills/response-tools/seafood-safety-after-oil-spill.html.
Seifert, Jenny. (November 1, 2017). “Predicting human survival on Earth requires oceans” Futurity. February 1, 2019. Web. Retrieved from https://web.archive.org/web/20180108163707/https://www.futurity.org/oceans-planetary-boundaries-1591142-2/.
“STOP SHARK FINNING” The Shark Trust. April 8, 2019. Web. Retrieved from https://web.archive.org/web/20180417095314/http://stopsharkfinning.net/docs/StopSharkFinningCampaignFactsheet.pdf.
“Sustainable Seafood” Ocean Wise. February 1, 2019. Web. Retrieved from https://web.archive.org/web/20190111005715/http://seafood.ocean.org/sustainable-seafood/.
Suzuki, David. (June 2, 2015). “David Suzuki: On World Oceans Day, let’s learn to treat the seas better” The Georgia Straight. February 1, 2019. Web. Retrieved from https://web.archive.org/web/20160105215331/https://www.straight.com/news/462551/david-suzuki-world-oceans-day-lets-learn-treat-seas-better.
“There is a more sustainable model for aquaculture” WildFirst. February 1, 2019. Web. Retrieved from https://web.archive.org/web/20180503103121/http://www.wildfirst.ca/more-sustainable-model-aquaculture/.
“Understanding Mercury Exposure Levels” Department of Health. February 5, 2019. Web. Retrieved from https://web.archive.org/web/20190205161539/https://www.health.ny.gov/environmental/chemicals/mercury/docs/exposure_levels.htm.
Volpe, John. (November 19, 2017). “Comment: The science is in - salmon farms need to be out” Times Colonist. February 1, 2019. Web. Retrieved from https://web.archive.org/web/20180727163727/http://www.timescolonist.com/opinion/op-ed/comment-the-science-is-in-salmon-farms-need-to-be-out-1.23098148.
(2019). “Shark Education” Shark water Productions. February 1, 2019. Web. Retrieved from https://web.archive.org/web/20190127183955/https://www.sharkwater.com/shark-education/.