The following links are organized by relevant Research Question. They are also labelled as either Canadian (CAN), International (INT), American (US), or British Columbian (BC). The links are labelled into Level 1 or Level 2, where Level 2 links are slightly more complex and give more insight into the topic.
The Library of Links contains:
- Research Links
- Local Activity Links
- Helpful Optional Links
- Current Events
- Report or Suggest a Link
- Works Cited
These links will inform your Research Questions and Critical Thinking Questions.
INT – US - Start watching this video around 2:13 to learn more about the different types of fuels we use and potential alternatives for the future. Link 2 (7:20) L2
INT – This video offers more points of view on our dependence on oil – what are the pros? Why is oil a good option? Link 3 (2:01) L1
INT – What is hydroelectric power? here's a quick overview of hydroelectricity and a list of its associated pros and cons Link 4 L1
INT-UK – How will climate change impact the environment and people? Learn more here: Link 6 L1
Q3.3 CAN – The Lubricon Cree in Northern Alberta have felt and seen a lot of the impacts from the Alberta Oil Sands, here is a very well done photo essay on what that is like: Link 7 (10:46) L1
CAN – Ecojustice has published a few articles on the environmental impact of oil extraction and spills: Link 8 L1
CAN – There are many against the Alberta Oil Sands. Here is one organization’s take and why they feel it is 'dirty' Link 9 L1
Q3.4 INT – How do we use our oil? And what happens when it spills? Link 10 L1
CAN – It's interesting to look at how different municipalities address pipeline risks. Here is Vancouver's stance on the proposed Trans Mountain Pipeline Expansion: Link 11 L1
CAN – This site explains the potential environmental impact of oil spills in Canada as well as its effect on our oceans: Link 12 L1
Q3.5 INT – Read an environmental activist's statement on if we can balance oil industry expansion and climate change commitments: Link 13 L1
CAN – This statement shows how Alberta justifies expansions in the oil industry while trying to combat climate change: Link 15 L1
INT – From the UN, here's a look at one of the essential steps needed to combat climate change: Link 16 L1
Local Activity Links
These links will be needed to complete your Local Activity.
INT-US – Here’s a list of products that we use on a daily basis that are made using petroleum oil: Link 17 L1
INT-US – Here are a couple lists of products that we use on a daily basis that are made using petroleum oil: Link 18 L1
Helpful Optional Links
INT – Did you know…? source: Link 19 L1
INT – Calculate your Carbon Footprint here: Link 20 L1
CAN – This young man has an amazing “inside scoop” insight into the destruction oil is having in other countries and what could happen in Canada: Link 21 (20:28) L2
INT – A photographer captures the process and impact of oil extraction and highlights that oil is a finite resource: Link 22 (3:40) L1
INT – 20 ways to reduce our oil consumption: Link 23 L1
CAN – Oil tankers take tar sands oils from the Coast of BC to China and other parts of Asia. This risks major oil spills that can take place on the BC coast: Link 24 L1
INT – This Ted Talk playlist talking about oil alternatives may be a great movie night option for your friends that are interested in making change in our world! Link 25 L1
INT – This video talks about the growing demand for oil in Chinese industries and Canada’s decision to break promises that it made to the world regarding climate change: Link 26 (3:03) L1
CAN – A clip from CBC’s “Incredible Story of Oil” discusses the advantages of using oil for energy and when our thirst for oil began: Link 27 (9:49) L1
INT – 300 years of fossil fuels in 300 seconds: Link 28 L2
INT – This article makes the link between carbon emissions and greenhouse gases: Link 29 L2
INT-US – Why are we worried about climate change? Let’s understand what is happening: Link 30 (3:23) L2
INT-US – Which activities are connected to which greenhouse gases (click on the different parts of the pie chart)? Link 31 L1
CAN – Here is the 2011 Environment Canada report on our greenhouse gas emissions and where they came from): Link 32 L2
CAN – More recent years are more confusing but can be found at: Link 33 L2
INT- 2017 March 16th- Returntonow - An oil company pulled out of excavating land due to uncontacted tribes in the Amazon forest: Event 1
INT- 2017 April 13th- Think Progress - An underwater pipeline has been leaking gas into an endangered beluga whale habitat for three months, creating high risks to the inlet's population of fish, migratory birds, and beluga whales: Event 2
INT-US -2016 June 23rd - Think Progress - Up to 700 barrels of crude oil spilled from a pipeline in Southern California: Event 3
CAN – 2016 January 6th - CBC “Keystone XL rejection leads TransCanada to sue Obama administration” TransCanada filing a lawsuit under NAFTA over U.S rejection of the pipeline project: Event 4
INT – 2015 June 24th - The Guardian “Climate change should be top foreign policy priority, G7 study says” Increasing conflicts with connections to resource scarcity are causing politicians and policy makers to think about addressing climate change to ensure global security: Event 5
CAN – 2015 June 22nd - The Tyee “Save Thy Planet: The Gospel According to Francis” The Pope recently released his call to the world to address climate change which is having the most negative effects on the world’s poor: Event 6
CAN – 2015 May 25th - Mining.com “Canada’s Territories hold massive shale oil reserves similar to US Bakken field” [Map] Untapped oil reserves found in the North West Territories are being explored by the world’s largest oil and gas companies: Event 7
BC – 2015 May 22nd - CBC News “Kinder Morgan pipeline spill could cost Vancouver $1.2 billion” Opposition to expansion of the Kinder Morgan Pipeline from Alberta to the BC coast are concerned about the ecological and economic impacts of a spill for the province: Event 8
INT – 2015 January 15th - GRIST “The pros and cons of cheap oil” Cheaper gas means that we will consume more fossil fuels in the short term but the greater consequences are more complex if the ecological, economic and social impacts are considered: Event 9
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Be The Change Earth Alliance has archived all Research, Local Activity, and Stakeholder links to ensure students will always have access to the required articles to complete their Action Pack. These links were retrieved as of February 25th, 2019. These links may not reflect the current state of the website. If you see your website on our citations list and would like us to take it down, please contact us immediately at email@example.com
“An Oil Spill Primer for Students” NOAA. February 4, 2019. Web. Retrieved from https://web.archive.org/web/20170706060839/https://oceanservice.noaa.gov/education/stories/oilymess/supp_primer.html.
(April 1, 2011). “The Impact of Dependence on Oil” youtube. February 19, 2019. Web. Retrieved from https://archive.org/details/Videoplayback9_201902.
(August 28, 2014). “Humans and Energy: Crash Course World History 207” youtube. February 21, 2019. Web. Retrieved from https://archive.org/details/HumansAndEnergyCrashCourseWorldHistory207.
(August 10, 2012). “Weighing Pros and Cons of Increased Oil and Gas Production” Youtube. February 19, 2019. Web. Retrieved from https://archive.org/details/WeighingProsAndConsOfIncreasedOilAndGasProduction.
Bliss, Sam. (January 15, 2015). “The pros and cons of cheap oil” Grist. February 4, 2019. Web. Retrieved from https://web.archive.org/web/20170901190615/https://grist.org/climate-energy/the-pros-and-cons-of-cheap-oil/.
Berman, Tzeporah. (December 8, 2016). “Tzeporah Berman: Pipelines and Paris. Do our climate promises match our energy policy?” National Observer. February 4, 2019. Web. Retrieved from https://web.archive.org/web/20170101211022/https://www.nationalobserver.com/2016/12/08/opinion/tzeporah-berman-pipelines-and-paris-do-our-climate-promises-match-our-energy.
Denchak, Melissa. (December 31, 2015). “The Dirty Fight Over Canadian Tar Sands Oil” NRDC. February 4, 2019. Web. Retrieved from https://web.archive.org/web/20190129083538/https://www.nrdc.org/stories/dirty-fight-over-canadian-tar-sands-oil.
EHoward, Emma. (June 24, 2015). “Climate change should be top foreign policy priority, G7 study says” The Guardian. February 4, 2019. Web. Retrieved from https://web.archive.org/web/20180912201503/https://www.theguardian.com/environment/2015/jun/24/g7-climate-change-global-warming-top-foreign-policy-priority-study.
(February 19, 2012). “Oil executive son's powerful testimony at Enbridge Northern Gateway pipeline joint review panel” youtube. https://archive.org/details/OilExecutiveSonsPowerfulTestimonyAtEnbridgeNorthernGatewayPipelineJointReviewPanel1.
“Footprint Calculator” Global Footprint Network. February 4, 2019. Web. Retrieved from https://web.archive.org/web/20190118031156/https://www.footprintnetwork.org/resources/footprint-calculator/.
(February 14, 2018). “Highlights of Garossino and Trudeau on Kinder Morgan” Youtube. February 15, 2019. Web. Retrieved from https://archive.org/details/HighlightsOfGarossinoAndTrudeauOnKinderMorgan1.
Geiling, Natasha. (June 23, 2016). “Breaking: Thousands Of Gallons of Crude Oil Have Spilled From A Southern California Pipeline” ThinkProgress. February 4, 2019. Web. Retrieved from https://web.archive.org/web/20170601145829/https://thinkprogress.org/breaking-thousands-of-gallons-of-crude-oil-have-spilled-from-a-southern-california-pipeline-d893e053fe6c/.
“It's Not Worth the Risk” City of Vancouver. February 4, 2019. Web. Retrieved from https://web.archive.org/web/20180615234111/https://notworththerisk.vancouver.ca/.
(January 21, 2019). “Reporting greenhouse gas emissions” Government of Canada. February 4, 2019. Web. Retrieved from https://web.archive.org/web/20190117222102/https://www.canada.ca/en/environment-climate-change/services/climate-change/greenhouse-gas-emissions/facility-reporting/reporting.html.
Jamasmie, Cecilia. (May 25, 2015). “Canada's Territories hold massive shale oil reserves similar to US Bakken field” Mining.com. February 4, 2019. Web. Retrieved from https://web.archive.org/web/20180320091513/http://www.mining.com/canadas-territories-hold-massive-shale-oil-reserves-similar-to-us-bakken-field/.
(January 6, 2016). “Keystone XL rejection leads TransCanada to sue Obama administration” CBC News. February 4, 2019. Web. Retrieved from https://web.archive.org/web/20171005110546/http://www.cbc.ca:80/news/canada/calgary/transcanada-lawsuit-keystone-xl-pipeline-1.3392446.
(January 31, 2010). “20 Ways to Reduce Your Dependence on Oil” Care2. February 4, 2019. Web. Retrieved from https://web.archive.org/web/20181019221723/https://www.care2.com/greenliving/20-ways-to-reduce-your-dependence-on-oil.html.
(July 20, 2009). “Crude The Incredible Journey of Oil (VARIOUS SEGMENTS) Part 2” youtube. February 19, 2019. Web. Retrieved from https://archive.org/details/Videoplayback7_20190219_2011.
(July 2011). “Canada's Emissions Trends” Environment Canada. February 4, 2019. Web. Retrieved from https://web.archive.org/web/20180516023139/http://www.ec.gc.ca/doc/publications/cc/COM1374/ec-com1374-en-es.htm.
(June 17, 2011). “'Oil On Lubicon Land' - A Photo Essay from Greenpeace Campaigner Melina Laboucan-Massimo” youtube. February 19, 2019. Web. Retrieved from https://archive.org/details/OilOnLubiconLandAPhotoEssayFromGreenpeaceCampaignerMelinaLaboucanMassimo1.
(June 9, 2008). “Greenhouse Effect and Global warming” youtube. February 19, 2019. Web. Retrieved from https://archive.org/details/Videoplayback5_20190219_2004.
Kilian, Crawford. (June 22, 2015). “Save Thy Planet: The Gospel According to Francis” The Tyee. February 4, 2019. Web. Retrieved from https://web.archive.org/web/20171124000553/https://thetyee.ca/Opinion/2015/06/22/Pope-Save-Thy-Planet/.
Macdonald Dr. Elaine. (February 17, 2015). “Ecojustice research offers troubling glimpse of harm oilsands pollution causes” Ecojustice. February 4, 2019. Web. Retrieved from https://web.archive.org/web/20190204235817/https://www.ecojustice.ca/ecojustice-research-offers-troubling-glimpse-of-harm-oilsands-pollution-causes/.
(March 16, 2017). “Oil Company Pulls Out of Amazonian Land Inhabited by Uncontacted Tribes” Return to Now. February 4, 2019. Web. Retrieved from https://web.archive.org/web/20170529082552/https://returntonow.net/2017/03/16/oil-company-pulls-amazonian-land-inhabited-uncontacted-tribes/.
(May 22, 2015). “Kinder Morgan pipeline spill could cost Vancouver $1.2 billion” CBC News. February 4, 2019. Web. Retrieved from https://web.archive.org/web/20171231212322/https://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/british-columbia/kinder-morgan-pipeline-spill-could-cost-vancouver-1-2-billion-1.3084001.
(May 19, 2016). “Alberta welcomes progress on Trans Mountain Pipeline expansion” Alberta. February 4, 2019. Web. Retrieved from https://web.archive.org/web/20161028064427/https://www.alberta.ca/release.cfm?xID=41785EC774814-CA1F-BF6A-89479577B5A8C3A8.
Mcsheffrey, Elizabeth. (February 13, 2018). “EXCLUSIVE: Trudeau says Kinder Morgan 'was always a tradeoff'” National Observer. February 4, 2019. Web. Retrieved from https://web.archive.org/web/20181217170050/https://www.nationalobserver.com/2018/02/13/news/exclusive-trudeau-says-kinder-morgan-was-always-trade.
Savin, M. (2018, February 08). Pros and Cons of Oil Energy – AEN News. Retrieved July 3, 2019, from https://web.archive.org/web/20190703220652/https://www.alternative-energies.net/oil-energy-pros-and-cons/
Spooner, Alecia. “What Is the Environmental Impact Petroleum and Natural Gas?” Dummies. February 4, 2019. Web. Retrieved from https://web.archive.org/web/20180428234604/https://www.dummies.com/education/science/environmental-science/what-is-the-environmental-impact-of-petroleum-and-natural-gas/.
Union of concerned scientists. (n.d.). The Hidden Costs of Fossil Fuels. Retrieved July 3, 2019, from https://web.archive.org/web/20190612044709/https://www.ucsusa.org/clean-energy/coal-and-other-fossil-fuels/hidden-cost-of-fossils
(November 23, 2011). “Energy Shock: How Peak Oil Will Change Your Life” Youtube. February 19, 2019. Web. Retrieved from https://archive.org/details/EnergyShockHowPeakOilWillChangeYourLife.
(November 2, 2017). “Shift to Clean, Affordable Energy Critical to Attaining Global Goals” United Nations Climate Change. February 4, 2019. Web. Retrieved from https://web.archive.org/web/20190204215920/https://unfccc.int/news/shift-to-clean-affordable-energy-critical-to-attaining-global-goals.
“No Tankers” Dogwood. February 4, 2019. Web. Retrieved from https://web.archive.org/web/20190120043017/https://dogwoodbc.ca/campaigns/no-tankers/.
(October 19, 2017). “Oil spills pose unacceptable threats to marine life” David Suzuki Foundation. February 9, 2019. Web. Retrieved from https://web.archive.org/web/20181109024234/https://davidsuzuki.org/story/oil-spills-pose-unacceptable-threats-marine-life/.
“Overview of Greenhouse Gases” EPA. February 4, 2019. Web. Retrieved from https://web.archive.org/web/20190131221446/https://www.epa.gov/ghgemissions/overview-greenhouse-gases.
“Products Made from Oil & Gas (Part 1)” PSAC. February 4, 2019. Web. Retrieved from https://web.archive.org/web/20181117123153/https://oilandgasinfo.ca/patchworks/products-made-from-oil-gas-part-1/.
Radford, Tim. (February 3, 2015). “Scientists confirm 'critical link' between CO2 emissions and warming” Climate Home News. February 4, 2019. Web. Retrieved from https://web.archive.org/web/20180225145251/http://www.climatechangenews.com/2015/03/02/scientists-confirm-critical-link-between-co2-emissions-and-warming/.
“The Effects of Climate Change” WWF. February 4, 2019. Web. Retrieved from https://web.archive.org/web/20190204101753/https://www.wwf.org.uk/effectsofclimatechange.
“The end of oil?” TED. February 4, 2019. Web. Retrieved from https://web.archive.org/web/20190131203452/https://www.ted.com/playlists/58/the_end_of_oil.
Valentine, Katie. (April 13, 2017). “Underwater pipeline has been leaking gas into a beluga whale habitat for 3 months” ThinkProgress. February 4, 2019. Web. Retrieved from https://web.archive.org/web/20170531083002/https://thinkprogress.org/underwater-pipeline-leaking-for-three-months-425a108b06c0/.
“What is Hydroelectric Power?” Conserve Energy Future. February 4, 2019. Web. Retrieved from https://web.archive.org/web/20170910215049/http://www.conserve-energy-future.com/pros-and-cons-of-hydroelectric-power.php.