Below are some key terms you will need to understand as you explore the inquiry of this Action Pack. They will appear in bold italic in your Action Pack. The simple definitions below are provided for ease of reference.

Economic Impacts

Any change to the wealth and resources of a country or region, community or person. Often referred to in terms of the production and consumption of goods and services.


A community of plants, animals and other organisms and all the interacting parts of their environment (air, water, soil, etc) that live, feed, reproduce and work together as a system.

Environmental Impacts

Any change to the living and non-living natural surroundings or conditions in which a person, animal or plant lives and interacts together. These impacts can be negative or beneficial, and can be created by an industry, project or Individual.


For the purposes of this Action Pack, family will be considered the group of people that you are living with.


A system or organization that exercises authority and performs functions for the people of a designated country, province or local community.

Municipal/ Municipality

A local administrative division of government with corporate and political power, most commonly responsible for the management of infrastructure, schools, waste, water and sanitation.

Natural Resources

Materials provided by the Earth, such as minerals, forests, water, and fertile land that can be used for life to continue and by humans for economic gain.

Private Sector

The part of the economy that is not owned or operated by the government, and is run by individuals and companies for profit.


A process of transforming ownership and operation of a service or property from the public sector to the private sector.

Public trust

A principle that certain resources are preserved for public use, and that the government is required to maintain and manage them for the public's reasonable use and well being.

Public Sector

A part of the economy that is run by government and focuses on providing services including healthcare, education, infrastructure such as roads and bridges, and policing.

Social Impacts

The effect of an activity on the social well being of the people in a community, such as wealth, health, education, employment, and community values.


Meeting the environmental, social, and economic needs of the present without affecting the ability of future generations to meet their needs.