The following links are organized by relevant Research Question. They are also labelled as either Canadian (CAN), International (INT), American (US), or British Columbian (BC). The links are labelled into Level 1 or Level 2, where Level 2 links are slightly more complex and give more insight into the topic.
The Library of Links contains:
These links will inform your Research Questions and Critical Thinking Questions.
INT – Find out what the positive and negative effects of Free Trade are: Link 3 L1
INT – What are the negative effects of Free Trade exactly? Link 4 L2
Q3.2 INT-US – The materials economy is a linear production system that dominates our manufacturing world. See the stage and problems that make up the materials economy: Link 5 L1
Q3.3 INT – So what happens to surrounding local businesses when a Wal-Mart moves into a community? This brief slideshow puts the facts on the table: Link 6 L1
INT-US – For a shorter and more subtly humorous look at the issue, check out “Going Big-box vs. Going Local”: Link 7 (5:00) L1
CAN – This article from the Calgary Herald highlights the reasons why big box retailers are an issue in Canada and are eroding local communities: Link 8 L2
INT-US – What happens when big box stores come in, but then leave? Link 9 (2:16) L1
INT-US – Big box retailers have shaped both the physical and economic landscapes of where they settle and have caused multitude of environmental and social harms: Link 10 L1
Q3.4 CAN – Okay, we know that big-box stores can hurt local business owners, that Free Trade has impacted the ability of governments to support local buying, and that we are getting items from all over world for prices that aren’t represented by their cost. So why should I buy local again? Here are a few more clear reasons: Link 11 L2
INT-US – What are some advantages of having locally owned businesses in your community? Check out this list of the great benefits associated with local business owners: Link 12 L2
INT – So what does a local economy look like? Bellingham, Washington, is a pretty good example: Link 13 (5:19) L1
Q3.5 INT-US – The REconomy project is a part of the Transition Network, a global grassroots movement of communities seeking to strengthen their resilience to problems including climate change, rising energy prices, economic uncertainty and inequality through economic alternatives: Link 14 L2
CAN – Vancity is the first financial institution to become carbon neutral and is helping investors give back to the planet: Link 15 L1
INT – It’s not just buying local that supports a local economy, the way you vote, are involved in decision making when international companies are being proposed, and even the way you bank can make a difference. Why is “where you bank” significant? Link 16 L2
Helpful Optional Links
INT-US – Let’s understand how we got here, and what our options are. What is a Plentitude Economy? How can it reduce our reliance on cheap big-box products? Link 19 (4:51) L2 And where could our consuming culture ultimately lead us? Link 20 (5:37) L2
INT-US – This sarcastic writer outlines how we have been seduced by a bargain and got what we paid for. Let’s look at big-box stores and how they are not sustainable: Link 21 L2
INT – This great video does a crash course on globalization and history: Link 22 L2
INT-US – "The Story of Stuff" is an animated documentary about the lifecycle of material goods. View the first part here Link 23
US – 2016 January 15th - CBC “Wal-Mart to close 269 stores in U.S., South America” In the face of increased competition from companies like Amazon.com, Wal-Mart has decided to close many of its loss-making stores and focus on supercentres, e-commerce and customer service: Event 1
INT – 2015 June 29th - The Guardian “Circular Economy inspires young people to change the world” One of the biggest struggles we are facing as the global population grows is finding a way to feed everyone. In a circular economy, you have hyper-local food systems that allow the nutrients in organic wastes to be upcycled back into the food chain: Event 2
INT – 2015 June 25th - The Huffington Post “Can Free Trade Agreements Be Consistent With Climate Change Mitigation?” When thinking about the global economy the concern is that free trade agreements could elevate the rights of possession of fossil fuel resources above that of mitigating climate change: Event 3
CAN – 2015 December 1st - The Toronto Star “Ontario co-op movement could use a leg up” Despite member-controlled and community-centric businesses gaining much appeal and generating billions in revenue, laws that govern co-ops in Ontario are strikingly outdated and restrictive: Event 4
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Be The Change Earth Alliance has archived all Research, Local Activity, and Stakeholder links to ensure students will always have access to the required articles to complete their Action Pack. These links were retrieved as of February 25th, 2019. These links may not reflect the current state of the website. If you see your website on our citations list and would like us to take it down, please contact us immediately at email@example.com
(August 15, 2012). “Eroding Cities One Big Box at A Time” Calgary Herald. February 8, 2019. Web. Retrieved from https://web.archive.org/web/20150510101933/https://calgaryherald.com/news/local-news/eroding-cities-one-big-box-at-a-time.
Brecha, Bob. (June 25, 2016). “Can Free Trade Agreement Be Consistent with Climate Change Mitigation?” Huffpost. February 8, 2019. Web. Retrieved from https://web.archive.org/web/20160124071123/https://www.huffingtonpost.com/bob-brecha/can-free-trade-agreements_b_7660580.html.
(December 19, 2007). “Going Big Box Vs. Going Local” youtube. February 20, 2019. Web. Retrieved from https://archive.org/details/Videoplayback8_20190220.
Gillikin, Jason. (June 30, 2018). “Free Trade Vs. Fair Trade” Chron. February 8, 2019. Web. Retrieved from https://web.archive.org/web/20180630115219/https://smallbusiness.chron.com/trade-vs-fair-trade-1683.html.
(January 17, 2008). “TRADE JUSTICE - why world trade rules need to change” youtube. February 20, 2019. Web. Retrieved from https://archive.org/details/Videoplayback7_20190220.
(January 27, 2015). “List of Pros and Cons of Free Trade” Occupy Theory. February 8, 2019. Web. Retrieved from https://web.archive.org/web/20190205111642/https://occupytheory.org/list-of-pros-and-cons-of-free-trade/.
(January 15, 2016). “Walmart to close 269 stores in U.S., South America” CBC News. February 8, 2019. Web. Retrieved from https://web.archive.org/web/20180128121159/https://www.cbc.ca/news/business/walmart-closing-stores-1.3405511.
Kunstler, James. (February 18, 2013). “The Era Of Giant Chain Stores Is Over - And They've Ruined America” Business Insider. February 8, 2019. Web. Retrieved from https://www.businessinsider.com/scale-implosion-2013-2.
(May 19, 2011). “What are the benefits of local economies?” youtube. February 20, 2019. Web. Retrieved from https://archive.org/details/Videoplayback9_20190220.
Mitchell, Stacy. (December 10, 2012). “Top 10 Reasons to Support Locally Owned Businesses” ILSR. February 8, 2019. Web. Retrieved from https://web.archive.org/web/20190121092329/https://ilsr.org/why-support-locally-owned-businesses/.
Mitchell, Stacy. (June 30, 2010). “Top 5 Reasons to Choose a Community Bank or Credit Union” ILSR. February 8, 2019. Web. Retrieved from https://web.archive.org/web/20181027134036/https://ilsr.org/top-5-reasons-choose-community-bank-or-credit-union/.
Mohr, Angie. (June 30, 2018). “The Advantages of Free Trade in Developing Countries” February 8, 2019. Web. Retrieved from https://web.archive.org/web/20180122185430/https://smallbusiness.chron.com/advantages-trade-developing-countries-3844.html.
Mojtehedzadeh, Sara. (December 1, 2014). “Ontario co-op movement could use a legislative leg-up” The Star. February 8, 2019. Web. Retrieved from https://web.archive.org/web/20150318004820/http://www.thestar.com/business/2014/12/01/ontario_coop_movement_could_use_a_legislative_legup.html.
(November 10, 2010). “Bellingham, Washington - A Local Living Economy” youtube. February 20, 2019. Web. Retrieved from https://archive.org/details/BellinghamWashingtonALocalLivingEconomy.
(October 2014). “What's a Transition-oriented enterprise?” REconomy Project. February 8, 2019. Web. Retrieved from https://web.archive.org/web/20180624005600/http://reconomy.org/what-you-can-do/inspiring-enterprises/whats-a-transition-enterprise/.
Perella, Maxine. (June 29, 2015). “Circular economy inspires young people to change the world” The Guardian. February 8, 2019. Web. Retrieved from https://web.archive.org/web/20180101120755/https://www.theguardian.com/sustainable-business/2015/jun/29/circular-economy-inspires-young-people-to-change-the-world.
Petty. Piece, Shannon. (January 25, 2016). “Wal-Mart: It Came, It Conquered, Now It's Packing Up and Leaving” Bloomberg. February 8, 2019. Web. Retrieved from https://web.archive.org/web/20180220001104/https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2016-01-25/wal-mart-it-came-it-conquered-now-it-s-packing-up-and-leaving.
Ryan V. (2016). “THE MATERIALS ECONOMY” The Materials Economy. February 8, 2019. Web. Retrieved from https://web.archive.org/web/20180629105222/http://www.technologystudent.com/prddes_2/matecon1.html.
Teeboom, Leon. (June 30, 2018). “Negative Effects of Free Trade” Chron. February 8, 2019. Web. Retrieved from https://web.archive.org/web/20190115083819/https://smallbusiness.chron.com/negative-effects-trade-5221.html.
“The Benefits of Locally Owned Businesses” Balle. February 8, 2019. Web. Retrieved from https://web.archive.org/web/20170922160325/https://bealocalist.org/benefits-of-locally-owned-businesses/.
Vitez, Osmond. (2019). “Free Trade & Why Its Is Important” Chron. February 8, 2019. Web. Retrieved from February 8, 2019. Web. Retrieved from https://web.archive.org/web/20180706080807/https://smallbusiness.chron.com/trade-important-3829.html.
(2019). “Host Partner: Vancity Credit Union” Climate Smart. February 8, 2019. Web. Retrieved from https://web.archive.org/web/20160409225203/https://climatesmartbusiness.com/case-studies/vancityhost/.
(2019). “Harms Of Big Box Retail” Good Jobs First. February 8, 2019. Web. Retrieved from https://web.archive.org/web/20170829213223/http://www.goodjobsfirst.org/smart-growth-working-families/harms-big-box-retail.