Glossary

Below are some key terms you will need to understand as you explore the inquiry of this Action Pack. They will appear in bold italic in your Action Pack. The simple definitions below are provided for ease of reference.

Ecology

The branch of biology that deals with the relations of organisms to one another and to their physical surroundings.

Laws

The system of rules that a particular country or community recognizes as regulating the actions of its members and may enforce by the imposition of penalties.

Rights

A moral or legal entitlement to have or obtain something or to act in a certain way.

Keystone Species

A species on which other species in an ecosystem largely depend, such that if it were removed the ecosystem would change drastically

Climate Change

The long term changes and abnormal occurrences in weather patterns; in this case due to human activity.

Biodiversity

The diversity, or variety, of plants and animals and other living things in a particular area or region.

Economic Impacts

Any change to the wealth and resources of a country or region, community or person. Often referred to in terms of the production and consumption of goods and services.

Ecosystem

A community of plants, animals and other organisms and all the interacting parts of their environment (air, water, soil, etc) that live, feed, reproduce and work together as a system.

Environmental Impacts

Any change to the living and non-living natural surroundings or conditions in which a person, animal or plant lives and interacts together. These impacts can be negative or beneficial, and can be created by an industry, project or Individual.

Family

For the purposes of this Action Pack, family will be considered the group of people that you are living with.

Natural Resources

Materials provided by the Earth, such as minerals, forests, water, and fertile land that can be used for life to continue and by humans for economic gain.

Social Impacts

The effect of an activity on the social well being of the people in a community (such as wealth, health, education level, employment rate, and community values)

Sustainability

Meeting the environmental, social, and economic needs of the present without affecting the ability of future generations to meet their needs.