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English Research Links

These links will inform your Research Questions and Critical Thinking Questions.

Q3.1 INT  Water Privatization sparks heated debates. Is water a resource that should be available to all or should it be privatized as a commodity? Find out more regarding this issue: Link 1 L2

INT-US  Some organizations believe water resources should be treated as a human right, not as a commodity. Here’s a look at what Food and Water Watch has to say: Link 2 L1


Q3.2-US – Is bottled water an issue? The story of bottled water Link 3 L1 (8:04)

CAN – Here is what the government of Canada has to say in regards to the safety of bottled water: Link 4 L2 

INT-US – The hidden costs of plastic bottled water: Link 5 (1:16) L1

CAN – Microplastics are found in the majority of bottled waters. Link 6 L1 Watch an in depth video about the study here.  Link 7 L1 (17:04)


Q3.3 INT – Here are some of the reasons water privatization can negatively impact communities Link 8 L2

INT – Bolivia is an example of how these impacts actually affect people: Link 9 L2 (4:50) and a Canadian example: Link 10 L2 

CAN – Our public water systems are not perfect either. This MacLean’s article outlines some of the corruption and challenges of many public systems along with possible benefits of private water management companies: Link 11 L2


Q3.4 CAN – Here is the Council of Canadian’s take on the threat of privatization in First Nation communities: Link 12 L2 

CAN – Assembly of First Nation’s make a strong case for the sacredness of water and how First Nation’s are disproportionately affected by national policy on water that challenges their rights and access to this precious resource: Link 13 L2 

CAN – First Nations communities all over Canada have been deprived of safe water to drink at different points in time in the past decade: Link 14 L2


Q3.5 INT – Coca Cola manufacturing expansion denied In India due to corporate practice of contamination and over-exploitation of group water: Link 15 L2 

INT – In countries such as South Africa, in which the right to water is enshrined in the national constitution, courts have supported and enforced an explicit right to water: Link 16 L2 


Local Activity Links

These links will be needed to complete your Local Activity. Where does our bottled water come from?

CAN – Dasani (owned by Coco Cola) sold in Canada, is refined tap water from Canadian municipal sources: Link 17 L1

CAN – Aquafina (owned by Pepsi) sold in Canada, is refined tap water from Canadian municipal sources in Canada: Link 18 L1

INT – Fiji (owned by Natural Waters of Vivi Ltd.) is sourced from an artesian aquifier in Viti Levu, one of the major islands of Fiji: Link 19 L1

CAN – Nestle Waters Canada bottles from B.C. every year: Link 20 L1



Helpful Optional Links

CAN – What’s happening with water issues in Canada? Check out this info graph and explore some of the Canadian water issues listed on the Water Projects menu on the top right of the page: Link 21 L2

INT-US – Annie Leonard’s Story of Water take’s a good look at bottled water - a common way that water is privatized: Link 22 (8:05) L2

CAN – To learn from a local privatization fiasco, read this blog about the Regina proposal to privatize municipal water: Link 23 L2

CAN-BC – Here is youth “Taking Back the Tap” and how to ban water bottles at your school: Link 24 L1

CAN – Take a stand! Stop using bottled water and get behind The National Water Policy: Link 25 L1 

INT – Water Privatization in the Developing World explains the relevant systems well! Link 26 L2 (6:14) as does Water Privatization in Africa: Example of Free Market or Liberalism: Link 27 (1:26) L2


Stakeholder Links

CAN – In response to such poor water conditions, private water companies are aggressively pursuing new “markets” in First Nations communities: Stakeholder 1 L1


Current Events

INT - 2017 March 15th - BBC News - The Whanganui River, located in northern New Zealand, is the first river to be granted the same legal rights as a human, stating that a river, or any natural resource, is a form of "family trust" incorporated in our society: Event 1

BC – 2015 July 7th - The Tyee  “Drought-Parched BC all but gives away water” Even in drought conditions the province only charges companies $2.25 for a million litres taken from BC water sources: Event 2

INT-US – 2015 July 1st - Circle of Blue  “In Drying Colorado River Basin, Indian Tribes Are Water Dealmakers” Native Americans hold 20 percent of the basin’s water rights. How they use their water will shape the future of the Southwest: Event 3

INT- US – 2015 June 18th - The Week  “What would really happen if we privatized California’s water supply?” California is a state with a large population which is currently facing a massive drought. This article explores how privatizing water could affect conservation and equality: Event 4

INT – 2015 May 15th - APTN National News  “Critic voices concerns over privatization of First Nation drinking water” There is concern that without proper support and resources First Nations communities will not be able to manage the safety of their on-reserve water supplies: Event 5

INT – 2015 January 30th - The Guardian  “Water privatization: a worldwide failure?” Privatization of municipal water supplies is making it challenging for people who need clean fresh water to access it, especially in developing countries: Event 6


Liens de Recherche en Français

Ces liens informeront vos Questions de Recherche et vos Réflexions Critiques 

CAN - De nos jours, la privatisation de l’eau est un enjeu controversé. Le premier lien décrit brièvement les raisons pour lesquelles on privatise l’eau et les problèmes qui en dérivent. Le deuxième lien contient plus d’information au sujet de la privatisation avec de nombreux examples. Lien 1 et INT - Lien 2

INT – En quoi consiste la privatisation de l’eau? L2 Lien 3

INT – Pensez deux fois avant d’acheter de l’eau en bouteille! L1 (8:04) Lien 4

CAN – Pour ou contre la privatisation de l’eau? L1 Lien 5


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