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Research Links 

These links will inform your Research Questions and Critical Thinking Questions.

Q3.1 INT – What’s this business about nature having rights? Does nature have rights? Link 1 L2 and: Link 2 L2


Q3.2 INT – This informative video will help you identify any keystone predators, modifiers, prey, mutualists and hosts that are involved in the following issues: Link 3 (3:59) L1

CAN – David Suzuki Foundation’s “I Am A Fish” reflects an ancient and extraordinary web of biological activity that connects humans with the ocean: Link 4 (3:42) L1 

CAN – When a salmon becomes a tree and then becomes a salmon-the nutrient cycle is complete! Link 5 (2:52) L1 

INT – Are humans a keystone species? Link 6 L2 


Q3.3 INT-US – US town files class action suit to protect the rights of nature and community against fracking: Link 7 L2 

INT – The inherent rights of nature get legal recognition in Bolivia: Link 8 L2 

INT – Bolivians believe they are fighting for the Rights of Mother Earth. This video explains how climate change is impacting Bolivia and how the countries international leadership is addressing climate change through radical constitutional change: Link 9 L2 

INT – So, what does natures rights actually look like? See this link for an in-depth description of the inherent rights of nature: Link 10 L2


Q3.4 INT-CAN – Canada also has lawyers defending nature. You can look into the cases that Eco-Justice has defended in Canada: Link 11 L2. Organizations such as the Wilderness Committee also have organized campaigns to protect nature and its inherent rights: Link 12 L1

CAN – Watch these documentary trailers by the Rainforest Conservation Society showing artists and athletes mobilizing to protect nature’s rights in reaction to the proposed Enbridge pipeline and tankers coming into this pristine coastal area: Link 13 (1:44) L1 and: Link 14 (2:52) L1

CAN – The impacts of salmon aquaculture have been a source of contention on BC’s coast for many years. See how local governments have pushed to transition from open net-pen salmon farming to more to safer land-based salmon aquaculture: Link 15 L2


Q3.5 – INT – Satish Kumar discusses deep and shallow ecology and the role each plays in our daily actions. This source sets a beautiful tone for the concepts explored in this Action Pack: Link 16 (2:44) L2


Local Activity 

These links will be needed to complete your Local Activity. Choose one of the human practices below and look at the related links to unpack how these human practices can impact a multitude of species:


  • INT – So what if salmon numbers decline? Is there a greater impact? Link 17 L2 and: Link 18 L2

Over harvesting of species for profit:

  • INT – The sea otter is a significant coastal keystone species. Overharvesting for pelts is impacting more than just the sea otter: Link 19 L1 and: Link 20 L2 

Population control – Wolves:

  • INT-US – What happens when we cull wolves: Link 21 (6:23) L2 and what happens when they are reintroduced into an environment: Link 22 (4:33) L1 


Helpful Optional Links

INT – Here is one example of how mining can impact the surrounding environment: Link 23 L2 

INT-US – Learn about military use of sonar and its impacts on marine life: Link 24 L2 

CAN – If we introduce species that disrupt the ecosystem’s natural ability to maintain balance is it our role to maintain or eradicate that species? What is our role or right to kill wild animals under any circumstances if we think it is for the “greater good” of the community? Here is an example of that dialogue: Link 25 L1 

INT – Read on the impact of both invasive plants and animals and the role we can all play in the prevention and control of invasive species: Link 26 L1

CAN – Toronto citizens are working to create more bird-safe buildings as the type of structures we build may be doing more harm than we think: Link 27 L2 

CAN – The Canadian Government is doing too little to protect endangered species: Link 28 L2 


Stakeholder Links

INT – Here’s a preview of what was presented at the International Rights of Nature Tribunal held at the UNFCCC COP21 this past year: Stakeholder 1 L1


Current Events

CAN - 2017 March - ReefBuilder - Two months ago, the Canadian government declared new Marine Protected Areas and recognized important marine habitats including the reef-building glass sponge. How interesting is that? See pictures and videos of the glass sponge through the link: Event 1

CAN – 2015 June 22nd - The Guardian  “Canada’s tar sands aren’t just oil fields: They’re sacred lands for my people” The Tar Sands located in northern Alberta are located on the sacred lands and traditional territories of First Nations people who are often the ones who suffer from the negative impacts of their activity: Event 2 

INT-US – 2015 June 22nd - The Huffington Post  “Why It is Time to Reject the Keystone XL Tar Sands Pipeline” The environmental risk of the Keystone XL pipeline is too significant and many are advocating against building it, including the President: Event 3

INT – 2015 June 15th - Phys.Org  “View of ‘nature as capital’ uses economic value to help achieve sustainable future” Researchers today outlined in a series of reports how organizations, companies and governments are moving away from short term exploitation of the natural world and embracing a long-term vision of “natural capital”: Event 4 

INT – 2015 May 15th - Reuters  “UN agency sets pollution rules for Polar Shipping” As ice in Polar Regions melts, shipping will increase and the UN is set to introduce regulations that will aim to protect the regions ecosystems: Event 5 

INT – 2015 January 28th - The Guardian  “Failing to protect nature’s capital could cost businesses trillions” Many companies and industries don’t recognize the contributions made to their business by nature providing ingredients, water and an abundance of natural processes: Event 6


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